Early Scandinavian Christianity

Standing in its original place on a (presumably) bronze age gravemound, this heavily weathered rune stone from 970-1020 C.E is a testament to the gradual change of religious beliefs in Scandinavia. The vikings had no problem worshiping multiple deities, so a new addition was not a major obstacle. Better safe than sorry, right? 

The stone has been moved several times, but has always been returned to its place of origin. According to numerous legends, you will not find peace if you move the stone unless and until you return it to its original place.

autr · risþi · stin · þonsi · | auftiR · auþ(a) · bruþur · | · sin · han · uarþ · tauþr · | · o · kutlati · kuþ · hialbi · ha(n)s · silu
Eyndr reisti stein þenna eptir Auða, bróður sinn, hann varð dauðr á Gotlandi. Guð hjalpi hans sálu 
Önd raised this stone after Önde, his brother, who found death on Gotland, God help his soul”

I left all of the ingredients standing in open receptacles, in weighed out powder/granular/liquid form, for 3 days (I was busy) and it produced some really interesting results. The contrast was very different from that of my regular Caffenol-C-H (rs), much harder and with a lot more basefog. A ingredient or perhaps several oxidized and together with an accidental +2 exposure, it rendered a rather different solarized, especially in the shadows, looking result (see the stones in the foreground?)
I kind of like the result, very dramatic framing.


f/5.6 1/30s

Developer: Caffenol-C-H (rs) 20°C/68°f

The Simris Stones

The Simris Runestones are two 11th-century rune stones located in the village of Simris, in southeasternmost Scania. They were rediscovered in a church wall in 1716 during a restoration of the church. Although the territory was Danish at the time, they were carved on sandstone in the Urne style, typical of the area around Birka, another famous viking settlement that was situated approx. 600km/372mi further to the north.

Left stone:
× sigrif¶r : let * resa * sten : þensa : aiftiR * forkun : if--r * faþur : osulfs : triks : knus ¶ * hilbi : kuþ : on : hans

Sigreifr lét reisa stein þenna eptir Forkunn "if--r",/ep[ti]r fôður Ásulfs, drengs Knúts. Hjalpi Guð ônd hans.

Sigreifr had this stone raised after Forkunn .. Åsulfs father, Knuts valiant man. God help his soul.

This stone is believed to honor one of Canute the Great's warriors. Canute was king in Denmark from 1018 to 1035.
Right stone:
biarngaiR × lit (*) raisa * stain * þina * eftiR * rafn * broþur * sin * su(i)n * kun(u)--s * a suiþiuþu

Bjôrngeirr lét reisa stein þenna eptir Hrafn, bróður sinn, svein Gunnu[lf]s á Svíþjóðu.
Björngeir had this stone raised after Ravn his brother, who served Gunnulv in Svitjod (Sweden).

This runestone is one of the earliest native Scandinavian documents that mention Sweden.


f/5.6 1/8s

Developer: Caffenol-C-H (rs) 20°C/68°f

The Old Sjörup Church

Sjörup gamla k:a was built between 1150-1170 A.D. under guidance of Carl Stenmästare (Stonemaster, a pretty straightforward occupational surname), on the foundations of a older proto-christian stave church.

The tower was added around 1270 AD, originally the church had two entrances, one in the south for men and one in the north for women. There´s no windows on this side, because north was seen as the origin of evil and darkness.

The church was eventually deconsecrated in 1882, mainly due to the fact that it only had 127 seats and had become too small. The church was abandoned, all the original inventory was auctioned off and the building eventually fell into ruin.

The collapsed tower and the interior was restored in the 1930´s and the church, which by now only has room for 50 devotees, was reconsecrated in 1969.

                                                                   Photo: Sven Brandel - 1922


f/5.6-8 1/15s

Developer: Caffenol-C-H (rs) 20°C/68°f

The Tullstorp Runestone

The original site of the Tullstorp Runestone approx. 980 AD is unknown, the stone first ended up in the wall surrounding the church yard, broken in two it was later put back together and moved to its current position. The ship and the wolf in the image probably reflects the Ragnarok myth, which would make the wolf Fenrir and the ship Naglfar.

× klibiR × auk × osa × × risþu × kuml + þusi × uftiR × ulf +
Kleppir/Glippir ok Ása reistu kuml þessi eptir Ulf.
Klibbe and Åsa erected this monument after Ulf. 


f/5.6 1/30s

Developer: Caffenol-C-H (rs) 20°C/68°f

bruþiR : rasþi : stin : þaisi : aiftiR : busa

The Östra Vemmenhög/Dybäck stone is still standing where it was originally erected by bruþiR, at a ford/river crossing. Pretty amazing considering the 1000 or so years that have passed since.

bruþiR : rasþi : stin : þaisi : aiftiR : busa : bruþur : sin : harþa : kuþan : trik
Bróðir raised this stone in memory of Bósi, his brother, a righteous valiant young man.
Broder reste sten denna efter Bosse, broder sin, (en) mycket god kämpe. 

Another rune stone with parts of my name on it, this one with my first name.
The other one, the Karlevi stone that stands on Öland, has parts of my last name.


f/5.6 1/30s

Developer: Caffenol-C-H (rs) 20°C/68°f

Roadtrip Sunset

Hyllsjön - Hovmantorps socken, Småland Sweden.


f/11-16 3s

Developer: Caffenol-C-H (rs) 22°C/71.6°f